There are at least three different types of maps:
• General-purpose maps
• Special-purpose maps
• Thematic maps
General purpose maps do not show features with special emphasis. These maps - in case of a city map - show roads, transportation routes, and waterways.
Special-purpose maps are made for specific purposes such as the underground network map, bus and train services map. There are special maps for sight-seeing –usually limited to the zones most frequented by tourists- for sight- with sights highlighted on them.
Thematic maps show information on a specific topic. Thematic maps can be drawn to represent almost limitless themes. Some examples of thematic maps are weather maps, epidemic maps, maps on raw-material sources, or for instance about the distribution of farmers in a specified farming region.
Tájékozódás térkép segítségével gyalogosan
- Hey, look. Here’s the map of Budapest. I just bought it in the museum’s shop. It’s much better than yours Johnny, ‘cause it has little signs of the sights that are worth visiting. We are now on Heroes’ Square and there are a couple of signs here: the Millennium Memorial and the two museums…
- Yes, it’s really nice, I should get one too.
- It shows this wide street called Andrássy, with many interesting buildings on it. Oh, even the Opera House is on it, right there!
- That must be a 20 minutes’ walk, Frank, let’s go. Where is that big church we wanted to visit?
- Let me check. I see, it’s at the end of Andrássy street. We’ll have to turn right at the very end.
- It’s too much of a walk. This map is cheating.
- Come on, Martin, don’t be lazy. This street is a World heritage site!
- You are joking! Is it indicated on your big map too? Let me see! Ah, indeed. Okay, so let’s check out the sights on the way.
Tájékozódás térkép segítségével autóban
-Georgie, don’t go that way. It’s a one-way street, can’t you see? I know everything is written right in the middle of traffic signs in the USA but it’s Europe and you should really be able to recognize what this sign means.
-Okay, okay, it was just a momentary lapse of vision. Where’s the city map? Would you care to unfold it and check where we are?
-Sure. Georgie, there’s a detour here so we’ll have to find an alternative road to reach our destination. How about the next street on the right that runs parallel with this?
-Darling, I try hard to live up to your quickly changing expectations but if you’re waving your arms in front of my nose that won’t take us anywhere. See the map so that we don’t lose our way.
-Calm down, darling. I’m just trying to help you navigate in this jumbled city where roads look just like after a massive carpet bombing. Here. Right lane. Turn right. Let that truck pass. Mind the motorbike on your left.
-Yeah, this city is sure a heap of mess. And the drivers in it are either formula one race pilots or lunatics. Can you localize our position on the map now?
-Not anymore, I’m afraid we’re kind of lost.
-Look, isn’t that the big church they said we’d see next to the office building?
-Yes, it looks like it. Take the left lane and turn that narrow street. Park the car over there.
-There you go. Oh yeah. This is the place we’re looking for. What a relief!